This is when parents adopt through a licensed private adoption agency. Birth parents give up their rights as parents to the agency. Either the Department of Social Services or a licensed adoption agency asks the Court for permission for the adoption.
An independent adoption (also called an Open or Private Adoption) is when the birth parents and the adoptive parents make an agreement that the adoption should go forward. And Adoption Placement Agreement is part of the adoption process.
Stepparent Adoption is when the spouse of a child's custodial parent adopts that child. Social Services prefers that the stepparent be married to the other parent at least one year before adoption. There will be a hearing in Court.